• 5200 BC

    The First Neolithic remains found in the Maltese islands date from 5200 BC.

  • 3600 BC

    The Megalithic Temples are built in Malta around 3600 BC.

  • 1000 BC

    Around 1000 BC Phoenicians from Tyre colonise the Maltese islands.

  • 400 BC

    Around 400 BC the Maltese islands come under the control of Carthage.

  • 218 BC

    In 218 BC the Maltese islands come under the control of the Romans.

  • 10th - 13th century AD

    It is estimated that the Perched Aquifer Galleries are built during the late Arab-Norman period, between the 10th and the early 13th century AD.

  • 1530 to 1798 AD

    The Maltese islands are ruled by the Knights of the order of St John from 1530 to 1798.

  • Early 17th century.

    The aqueduct bringing water to Valletta was constructed by the Grandmaster Wignacourt in the early 17th century.

  • 1800 - 1964

    Between 1800 and 1964 the Maltese islands become part of the British Empire.

  • 1960

    The Ta’ Kandja galleries of Malta are in use up until the 1960s.

  • Late 20th century

    Desalination Plants start to be constructed from the late 20th century onwards, after the Maltese Islands become independent from Great Britain and become a Republic.
  • Second half of the 20th century

    In the second half of the 20th century onwards many dams are constructed in valleys mainly aimed at boosting the recharge of the mean-sea-level aquifer.

  • Today

    Today Malta water supply is mainly dependent on Reverse Osmosis.

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