Credits / Resources

This case study was developed in 2008-2009 (Phase I) with support from the UNESCO Participation Program and MIO-ESCDE EU Core funding. 


Author of text: Mr Alexis Michaelides, Deputy Mayor of Larnaca (2009), writer and independent researcher E:

Text Editors: Iro Alampei, Anastasia Roniotes, Celia Roniotes (MIO-ECSDE)



  • Andreas Demetriou. “Phoenicians in Cyprus: The case of Kition”. Archaeologia Cypria Vol. IV, Nicosia 2001.
  • Glenn E. Markoe. “PHOENICIANS”. The British Museum Press, Avon 2000
  • Electronic site “Water History. Technology: Qanats”.
  • Electronic site “The Qanats of Iran”.
  • Kyriakos Nicolaou. “The Historical Topography of Kition” Studies in the Mediterranean Archaeology, Vol. XLIII. Gothenburg, 1976.
  • Marguerite Yon. “Kitio Dans Les Textes” Kition-Bamboula Vol. V. Editions Recherche sur les Civilizations, Paris 2004.
  • Marguerite Yon. “Excavations at the City and Port of Kition”. Bank of Cyprus Foundation for Culture, Nicosia 1994
  • Marguerite Yon. “Kition de Chypre” Ministère des Affaires Etrangères, Paris 2006.
  • Marguerite Yon. “Kition dans les Textes” Ministère des Affaires Etrangères. Paris 2002.
  • Nina Jidejian. “Tyre Through the Ages”. Librairie Oriental. Beirut 1996.
  • Paul Astrom. “Hala Sultan Teke”. Studies in the Mediterranean Archaeology, Vol. 1-10, Gothenburg, 1989.
  • Vassos Karageoghis. “Kition: Mycenaean and Phoenician Discoveries in Cyprus”. Thames and Hudson, U.K. 1976.
  •  Vassos Karageorghis et al. “Early Metallurgy in Cyprus 4000-500 B.C. Pierides Foundation Larnaca. Nicosia 1982
  • Vassos Karageorghis.  “Excavations at Kition” Vol. I-V. Dept Antiq. Nicosia 1989


  • Αρχιμανδρίτου Κυπριανού. «Ιστορία Χρονολογική της Νήσου Κύπρου». Τύποις Ευαγόρα, Λευκωσία 1902.
  • Αλέξης Μιχαηλίδης και Σοφοκλής Χριστοδουλίδης. «Υδατοπρομήθεια Λάρνακας: 4000 Χρόνια Ιστορίας» Συμβούλιο Υδατοπρομήθειας Λάρνακας, Λάρνακα 2005.
  • Άντρος Παυλίδης. «Μεγάλη Κυπριακή Εγκυκλοπαιδεία», λήμματα: Κίτιον, Χαλά Σουλτάν Τεκέ, Λάρνακα.
  • Άντρος Παυλίδης. «Η Κύπρος ανά τους Αιώνες –μέσα από κείμενα ξένων» Λευκωσία 1994.
  • Δήμος Λευκωσίας. «Η Ζωή στην Κύπρο κατά τους ΙΗ΄ και ΙΘ Αιώνες μ.Χ. Λευκωσία, 1984. 
  • Δήμος Λάρνακας . «Ιστορία της Λάρνακας». Λάρνακα, 2005.
  • Δήμος Λάρνακας. «Λάρνακα δια μέσου των Αιώνων – Πρακτικά 2ου Κιτιακού Συμποσίου». Λάρνακα 1999.
  • Κάτια Χατζηδημητρίου. «Ιστορία της Κύπρου». Λευκωσία 1987.
  • Λεοντίου Μαχαιρά. «ΧΡΟΝΙΚΟΝ». Επιμέλεια Άντρου Παυλίδη. Εκδόσεις Φιλόκυπρος. Λευκωσία 1995.
  • Νεοκλής Κυριαζής, «Ο Δήμος Λάρνακας Εντός μιας Πεντηκονταετίας 1878-1928», επανέκδοση Δήμος Λάρνακας 1995.
  • Νεοκλής Κυριαζής, «Το Πόσιμον Υδωρ της Λάρνακας», Κυπριακά Χρονικά έκδοση 8, Λάρνακα 1931.
  • Παύλος Φλουρέντζος. «Οδηγός Επαρχιακού Μουσείου Λάρνακας», Λευκωσία 1995.
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  •  Φίλιου Ζανέττου. «Ιστορία της Νήσου Κύπρου» Εκδ. Επιφανίου, Λευκωσία 1997.



The Municipality of Larnaca

The Municipality of Larnaca is among the three oldest local government organizations of Cyprus. Its life started in the middle 19th century towards the end of the Ottoman rule of Cyprus. At the end of the same century the British Colonial Government of Cyprus enacted the first law establishing democratic municipalities in all large urban centers of Cyprus. The Cypriot municipalities were re-established with the 1960 Constitution that founded the Cyprus Republic. Several up dating laws of the Cyprus Parliament modernized and enlarged the domain of their responsibilities.

Today, the Municipality of Larnaca is also part of the Larnaca Water Board, responsible for the supply and distribution of high quality potable water to the wider metropolitan area of Larnaca. It is also part of the Larnaca Sewerage Board, responsible for the collection, recycling, purification and re-use of sewage waters. The Larnaca sewage Board (LSB) is together with the Municipality, responsible for the drainage of rain water. Currently (2009), the LSB is carrying out a new 40 milion Euros expansion of its system to cover the recycling and purification of the whole of the municipal boundaries and 7 nearby villages, which are fast growing into urban areas. In 2008 the 3 kilometers long drainage system of “Spyros Kyprianou Avenue” was completed at the cost of 30 million Euros (with a 4 lanes road on its top), freeing the town of the very often urban floods.

The logo of the Municipality features the founder of stoic philosophy ZENON OF KITION (Kition is the ancient name of Larnaca), who was born and educated in Larnaca before he became the most popular philosopher of the 3rd century in Athens. The logo also features the sea and the palm trees of Larnaca.

46, Athens Avenue, Larnaca
Tel: 0035724653333